What is CCTV? The different steps and rudiments of it all

CCTV is an acronym and it means Closed Circuit Television and it makes use of cameras to monitor and record images of what takes place in specific locations in real time. The images collected are sent to a monitor and recorded on video tape, DVD CD or stored in a Hard Drive as digital information. The cameras can be fixed or set to scan an area or they can be operated by controllers. Monitors can be watched by controllers or left unmonitored. The recorded information can be stored and/or reviewed by those who have access to the recordings at their convenience. This Tip Sheet details how CCTV can be used as a part of a community crime prevention strategy. It details the way CCTV works as a crime prevention tool and presents evidence about its effectiveness in certain settings. Examples are also given of its use in Nigeria.

How does CCTV work? to prevent crime?

CCTV is an environmental and domestic crime prevention tool. Commentators have described its possible effects as including: Providing a surveillance function that may work to deter people from committing crimes in the area in which it is used Signifying to the public that an area with CCTV is a safe place and the increased use of the space means that crime is less likely to happen as there are more potential witnesses The presence of CCTV may act as a prompt to remind people to take other security measures such as locking their car.

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Where can CCTV be used in Nigeria?

CCTV should be used extensively in many places including commercial premises, at ATM venues, on public transport, at airports, in central business districts, shopping malls and of course residential remises. Currently, most central business districts such as Apapa, VGC, Lekki, Ikeja and surulere are now embracing the ideas of have CCTV. The most recent and future expansion of CCTV will be in suburban and rural areas. There seems to have been an increase over two years across Nigeria from 33% to 45% open air camera systems being used in businesses. In a recent survey of all local councils in Nigeria only nine per cent of government parastatals reported that they had a CCTV system. A further two per cent of these parastatals reported they were currently considering installing a system.

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